Policy WMT4 Development in the vicinity of a Waste Management Facility
A proposal involving the development of land in the vicinity of an existing or approved waste management facility or waste water treatment works (WwTWs), will be permitted where all the following criteria are met:
It will not prejudice or unduly restrict activities permitted to be carried out within such facilities;
The proximity to waste management facilities (or WwTWs) will not give rise to unacceptable adverse impacts in terms of people, transportation, or the environment.
Justification and Amplification
Waste management facilities carry out an important function in the treatment and disposal of waste and will be approved in appropriate locations. However, such facilities often undertake complex operations that can impact adversely on residential amenity and the environment. While the standards of facilities are continually improving there may still be potential for some undesirable impacts at individual sites, for example, in relation to odour, windblown litter or birds.
This policy seeks to ensure that such potential adverse impacts will be a material consideration in the determination of planning applications for development in proximity to existing or approved waste management or WwTW facilities. Consideration will therefore need to be given to the sensitivity of development proposed in the vicinity of these facilities. Particularly sensitive receptors in this context are residential development or areas of public use such as for recreation or amenity space.
These considerations are particularly important in relation to landfill sites as the EU Landfill Directive requires some landfill sites or areas within landfill sites to be dedicated specifically to the deposit of special or hazardous waste. The Hazardous Waste Directive will extend the list of hazardous substances that should not be landfilled. As a result new waste treatment facilities will be needed to treat hazardous waste.
In relation to development proposed in the vicinity of WwTWs the potential loss of amenity arising from odour will be a particularly important factor in the determination of planning applications. Applications will be assessed through taking account of the circumstances prevailing at particular locations. Relevant considerations will include: the nature and capacity of the treatment works; local topography; prevailing wind direction; screening and disposition of existing development; the nature of the proposed development; the precise position of actual odour sources within the boundaries of the works and advice on relevant environmental health matters.